时间：2008/2/14 17:14:22 点击：4240 次
Confucian Analects Chapter 5
The Master said of Kung-ye Ch‘ang that he might be wived; although he was put in bonds, he had not been guilty of any crime. Accordingly, he gave him his own daughter to wife. Of Nan Yung he said that if the country were well governed he would not be out of office, and if it were in governed, he would escape punishment and disgrace. He gave him the daughter of his own elder brother to wife.
The Master said of Tsze-chien, "Of superior virtue indeed is such a man! If there were not virtuous men in Lu, how could this man have acquired this character?"
Tsze-kung asked, "What do you say of me, Ts‘ze!" The Master said, "You are a utensil." "What utensil?" "A gemmed sacrificial utensil."
Some one said, "Yung is truly virtuous, but he is not ready with his tongue." The Master said, "What is the good of being ready with the tongue? They who encounter men with smartness of speech for the most part procure themselves hatred. I know not whether he be truly virtuous, but why should he show readiness of the tongue?"
The Master was wishing Ch‘i-tiao K‘ai to enter an official employment. He replied, "I am not yet able to rest in the assurance of this." The Master was pleased.
The Master said, "My doctrines make no way. I will get upon a raft, and float about on the sea. He that will accompany me will be Yu, I dare say." Tsze-lu hearing this was glad, upon which the Master said, "Yu is fonder of daring than I am. He does not exercise his judgment upon matters."
Mang Wu asked about Tsze-lu, whether he was perfectly virtuous. The Master said, "I do not know."
He asked again, when the Master replied, "In a kingdom of a thousand chariots, Yu might be employed to manage the military levies, but I do not know whether he be perfectly virtuous."
"And what do you say of Ch‘iu?" The Master replied, "In a city of a thousand families, or a clan of a hundred chariots, Ch‘iu might be employed as governor, but I do not know whether he is perfectly virtuous."
"What do you say&nbs