时间：2008/2/14 17:01:57 点击：3371 次
Confucian Analects Chapter 2
The Master said, "He who exercises government by means of his virtue may be compared to the north polar star, which keeps its place and all the stars turn towards it."
The Master said, "In the Book of Poetry are three hundred pieces, but the design of them all may be embraced in one sentence ‘Having no depraved thoughts.‘"
The Master said, "If the people be led by laws, and uniformity sought to be given them by punishments, they will try to avoid the punishment, but have no sense of shame. If they be led by virtue, and uniformity sought to be given them by the rules of propriety, they will have the sense of shame, and moreover will become good."
The Master said, "At fifteen, I had my mind bent on learning. "At thirty, I stood firm. "At forty, I had no doubts. "At fifty, I knew the decrees of Heaven. "At sixty, my ear was an obedient organ for the reception of truth. "At seventy, I could follow what my heart desired, without transgressing what was right."
Mang I asked what filial piety was. The Master said, "It is not being disobedient."
Soon after, as Fan Ch‘ih was driving him, the Master told him, saying, "Mang-sun asked me what filial piety was, and I answered him,-‘not being disobedient.‘"
Fan Ch‘ih said, "What did you mean?" The Master replied, "That parents, when alive, be served according to propriety; that, when dead, they should be buried according to propriety; and that they should be sacrificed to according to propriety."
Mang Wu asked what filial piety was. The Master said, "Parents are anxious lest their children should be sick."
Tsze-yu asked what filial piety was. The Master said, "The filial piety nowadays means the support of one‘s parents. But dogs and horses likewise are able to do something in the way of support;-without reverence, what is there to distinguish the one support given from the other?"
Tsze-hsia asked what filial piety was. The Master said, "The difficulty is with the countenance. If, when their elders have any troublesome affairs, the young take the toil of them, and if,&nb